Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer in men in the United States and surgery is becoming the standard treatment after discovering a significant increase in survival rates.
Men with prostate cancer in the United States are typically being treated through open radical prostatectomy. In this procedure, the prostate gland and some of the tissue around it are removed by making a small incision to reach the said gland and tissue using scalpel, one of the common hospital medical equipment used by surgeons. Incision is made either in the lower belly or in the perineum, depending on the case of the patient.
Aside from open radical surgery, another type of operation performed by surgeons to treat prostate cancer patient is laparoscopic surgery. In this type of surgery, the doctor makes a number of incisions in the belly. Aside from the typical surgical instruments for making incision as well as for grasping and removing the tissue and gland, a lighted viewing instrument called laparoscope is also used. This laparoscope is also part of the common hospital medical equipment being used by surgeons during emergency operation.
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is normally performed by surgeon by hand. However, with the innovations made in surgical instruments, robot-assisted surgery for prostate cancer is now becoming more common and far more successful than typical radical prostatectomy. This is according to the recently revealed study of a new Henry Ford Hospital, which was first published in the medical journal named European Urology.
According to the said study, the main reason for choosing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy over other procedures is that it provides superior results such as:
1. Less need or do not require blood transfusion since procedure is minimally invasive and has only minimal blood loss.
2. Shorter hospital stay because the procedure is less complicated and less pain so the patients can recover quickly and return to normal activities.
3. Patients has lower risks for perioperative complications.
4. Lower risk of wound infections because only small incisions are made.
5. Patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy are found to immediately return to full urinary continence within six months